Types of Anxiety Disorders
As with any diagnosis in the mental health field, there are subtypes of anxiety based on what triggers them and how the symptoms present themselves. Despite their unique differences, the link between all types of anxiety disorders is fear and worry.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
In the United Kingdom, nearly 8 million people suffer from Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD).
GAD is what most people commonly think of when they hear the word ‘anxiety’. It is characterised by chronic, exaggerated fear, worry, and nervousness that has a profound effect on their daily life.
This type of anxiety is focused on the future.
“What if XYZ happens…”
“I can’t do that because what if I fail at XYZ…”
Generalised Anxiety Disorder focuses so much on the what if aspect of life, rather than living in the present moment. No trigger must be present for anxiety to occur and many people with GAD wake up feeling anxious for no reason.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Although it can sometimes feel uncomfortable attending certain social activities, those with Social Anxiety Disorder can find this debilitating. This fear is rooted in the idea that if they attend an outing with large groups of people, others will talk about them behind their back, laugh at them, ridicule them, or embarrass them.
Despite there being no evidence to support this idea, forcing someone with social anxiety to interact with others may trigger a panic attack. Someone suffering from Social Anxiety Disorder will avoid all people or places that trigger this feeling and are often isolated from the rest of the world.
Panic Attack Disorder
Panic attacks are terrifying ordeals to go through, both physically, and mentally. They are similar to anxiety in that they are rooted in a deep place of fear. However, when someone experiences a panic attack they suddenly and violently become afraid of everything around them. Often, they may feel as though they are going to die, only accelerating this panic. The symptoms of a panic attack present themselves in vibrant ways, making them easier to spot. A person may begin to hyperventilate, cry, feel as though they cannot breathe, experience tightness in their chest, and feel an intense sense of danger.
Many people with Panic Attack Disorder try their best to avoid anything that may trigger them. They work hard to keep themselves away from places where it has previously occurred, as many live in fear of another happening.
Whilst many people will have a fear of certain situations or objects that pose no real danger, for people with a phobia, this experience can cause irrational fears and the anxious feelings far outweigh the true danger that the object or situation could cause.
Cause of Anxiety
Although professionals and researchers are unsure of the exact cause of anxiety, one or a combination of the below are typically seen:
- Substance abuse
- A family history of mental health problems
- Brain chemistry
- A history of chronic health conditions
- Ongoing stress
- Trauma, such as losing a job or loved one
- Personality traits such as low self-esteem
Symptoms of Anxiety
Symptoms of anxiety are vast and affect people differently; however, there are several common symptoms which are directly caused by the fight or flight system. Your brain is programmed to keep you safe from harm, but when it doesn’t work correctly, it results in anxiety.
Most people will experience a combination of symptoms, and much will depend on the type of anxiety disorder they are experiencing. As an example, a panic attack is more likely to cause chest pain, whereas GAD is more likely to cause fatigue and irritability. However, all anxiety disorders have one common symptom – a near constant fear or worry that things beyond their control could imminently happen, or in the future.
Typical symptoms of anxiety include the following, although this list is not exhaustive:
- Shortness of breath
- Tremors or twitching
- Chest pain or palpitations
- Excessive sweating
- Nausea and abdominal pain
- Dry mouth
- Itchy skin
- Dizziness or light-headedness
- Restless and irritable
- Tense or on edge
- A fear of dying
- Anticipating the worse
- A fear of losing control
- Feelings of unreality or being detached from oneself
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Treatment for Anxiety Disorder
We believe in getting to the root cause of your problems. Every single one of our clients is unique – you deserve a personalised approach. Getting to know you personally is our number one priority.
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to mental healthcare – our team of experts use the Stepped Care approach which ensures you only ever get the precise level of treatment you need. This could range from weekly video appointments to 24/7 live-in care.
Our team includes:
- Mental Health Nurses
- Social Workers
- Support Workers
We offer a range of different therapies, including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) to help you understand how anxiety works and manifests in your body, change your unhelpful thought patterns, and work on healthy coping strategies for the mental aspects of anxiety.
Your personal Therapeutic Support Worker can also offer advice on ways to regulate your emotions such as breathing exercises and mindfulness activities that tell your nervous system and body to calm down, to help with the physical anxiety symptoms.
Some people benefit from certain medications to manage their symptoms. The medication offered will vary from person to person and will be supervised and regularly reviewed. You will have the full support of a dedicated therapist throughout.
Live In Support
Sometimes, anxiety can make everyday tasks seem impossible. If necessary, we can arrange in-home support such as:
- Live in Mental Health Nursing (RMN)
- Visiting Mental Health Nurse
- Occupational Health
- Therapeutic Support Workers
- Recovery Coaches – mental health coaches who can provide psychosocial support, as well as life coaching
Reach Out for Help Now
If you or a loved one require home anxiety treatment, Orchestrate Health’s team are here to help.
We deliver rapid assessments carried out at home by one of our psychiatric professionals, followed by a uniquely tailored care plan that best suits your needs.
Contact us today for a free anxiety assessment and start living the first days of your new life.
Orchestrate Health is a private pay service and works outside of the NHS. We are committed to ensuring patients receive the highest standards of care available.
To get in touch regarding our at-home or live-in mental health treatments at our luxury central London properties, please call us on 0800 193 3277 or email us here.